Category Vision Health

Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a highly common eye disease that results in nerve damage. If this condition is not treated, it can even lead to blindness; in fact, glaucoma is the current leading trigger of vision loss in adults. However, the loss of vision doesn’t occur overnight. Rather, the disease starts to progress slowly, and most people suffering from glaucoma don’t notice the damage to their eyes until it’s too late. People get glaucoma when too much pressure builds up in the eye; this pressure leads to irreversible nerve damage. Moreover, people who suffer from diabetes are at a greater risk of developing this condition, so it’s important that they take care of their body and get their eyes checked regularly. More on Glaucoma Here:


The Stages of Glaucoma

There are several stages of glaucoma, but it’s important to get this condition diagnosed before it’s too late as treatment can’t reverse the damage that’s already been done. The first stage of glaucoma is the least serious, but it presents no symptoms, thus making it difficult to diagnose. The most severe stage of glaucoma, unfortunately, is when the symptoms of the disease start appearing. Alas, the diagnosis of this disease at one of the advanced stages is not good since the damage that’s been done can’t be reversed.


What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

1. Blurred vision
2. Loss of peripheral vision on both eyes
3. Halos around the eyes
4. Redness
5. Tunnel vision
6. Pressure in the eyes


Diagnosis of Glaucoma

Since glaucoma causes permanent damage to the eyes, you shouldn’t wait for symptoms to appear to get an eye exam. Generally, you should get an eye exam on a yearly basis if you have risk factors for this disease; if you don’t, you can schedule eye checkups every two years. The first step to getting a diagnosis is that the doctor will check your medical history to see what are your chances of developing the illness. Once that’s out of the way, the ophthalmologist begins to perform a series of tests. The first test that is performed is that the doctor measures the pressure in the eye. Next, the doctor looks at the amount of nerve damage in the eye. Lastly, a vision field test is conducted.


Treatment of Glaucoma

Currently, there is no cure for this illness, and any damage that is caused by it can’t be reversed. However, the disease can be kept under control with the proper treatment. The goal of treatment for this disease is to reduce the amount of pressure in the eye. To accomplish that, doctors usually drain fluid from the eyes. In addition, a doctor can prescribe special medications such as the following: beta-blockers, alpha-adrenergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors or miotic agents. In severe cases, doctors might even recommend laser surgery or regular surgery.

Overall, the key to living with this illness is to care for your body and take precautions because glaucoma is serious.


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